Recent PhD recipient, Atsushi Narisada will begin a new position as a Tenure-stream Assistant Professor of Sociology at St. Mary’s University in Halifax. Atsushi recently defended his dissertation and will officially convocate in the fall of 2019. His dissertation is titled The Social Antecedents and Consequences of the Sense of Distributive Injustice. He completed it under the supervision of Professors Scott Schieman (supervisor), Melissa Milkie and Geoff Wodtke. The dissertation abstract is as follows:
Roughly half of working adults in Canada and the United States report a sense of distributive injustice––that their earnings are unjustly too low. This evidence provides an impetus to document the antecedents and consequences of the sense of distributive injustice. More specifically, it encourages us to examine two fundamental questions in the study of distributive justice: (1) What do people think is just and why? (2) And, what are the consequences of the sense of injustice for individuals? Using population-based data, I address these questions through an interdisciplinary lens by integrating perspectives in the social psychology of distributive justice, the sociology of mental health, and occupational health psychology.
I assess the first question by fusing ideas in distributive justice and the work-family interface. I argue that the conceptualization of work-related inputs can be elaborated by considering the intersection of work and family roles. Specifically, I propose a model that delineates how excessive job pressures––and the ensuing role blurring behavior and work-to-family conflict––shape the expectation for greater rewards. My findings provide an updated account of the nature of work contributions for contemporary workers that shape their ideas of what they should justly earn.
The second part of the dissertation examines the consequences of under-reward, focusing on the situational factors that function as moderators. In one study, I show that the relationship between under-reward and job dissatisfaction is contingent on forms of security, such that the association is attenuated for those with high job and financial security, and for those employed in the public sector. The interpretation of the patterns for job security encourages the integration of the Job Demands-Resources Model and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. In another study, I examine the ways in which two dimensions of SES––education and income––moderate the effects of perceived under-reward on mental and physical health. I test two competing hypotheses––buffering-resource and status-disconfirmation––that delineate the moderating role of SES. Taken together, this dissertation draws upon and integrates diverse theoretical perspectives to identify new forms of work-related contributions that shape perceptions of a fair reward and the situational factors that modify reactions to under-reward.
At Saint Mary’s University, Atsushi will be teaching quantitative methods, sociology of work, and sociology of mental health, and he looks forward to working with the students there. He will also continue his research on the antecedents and consequences of justice evaluations in the workplace. He is looking to expanding his research program by drawing upon qualitative interviews on the experience of under-reward at work.