Luisa Farah Schwartzman
My work investigates the ways that classification and meaning-making around race and ethnicity are implicated in the reproduction of inequality, and in efforts by contemporary state institutions to track and address the inequalities that have arisen from earlier, and ongoing, exclusionary use of such categories. Empirically, much of my work focuses on the relationship between racial classification, social inequality and social policy in Brazil. My earlier work addressed how we can think quantitatively about social inequality and about affirmative action policies in a context where the boundaries between “black” and “white” are relatively fuzzy and porous. I have also, with the help of co-authors, extended this research beyond Brazil to look at the relationship between racial classification, immigration and the state in Germany and the UK. Currently, I am extending this work to think about how different measures of “race” (skin color, geographic location, and census classification) can be used to understand the reproduction of violence in the Brazilian context. I have also been involved in research that investigates how multiculturalism and affirmative action are understood differently in different countries, especially Brazil and Canada.