Breaking barriers in academia: How Professor JooYoung Lee is innovating the online classroom using Twitch (Featured on CBC Radio One)

Jooyoung Lee

Professor JooYoung Lee recently spoke on CBC Radio One 99.1FM on how he has been adapting to the changes of online teaching, using the popular video game streaming platform Twitch. In this conversation, Professor Lee discusses the benefits of using Twitch, his typical online lecture, how students are responding to this platform, and the future of online learning.

Professor JooYoung Lee says that using Twitch as a teaching tool gives professors the use of polished software features (such as chat rooms and microphone settings) and the fun of a familiar, modern platform for students. Professor Lee believes that the growth towards online learning allows for greater ease and accessibility, breaking down the exclusionary practices of traditional academia. He is interested in preparing a “starter kit” for fellow professors to learn the basics of Twitch for teaching purposes.

JooYoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto, faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, and Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project. His research interests are focused around how gun violence transforms the social worlds and health of young Black men in different contexts. His new work examines how murder transforms families and communities; how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction; and a collaborative SSHRC-funded study with Julian Tanner and Scot Wortley on youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

Listen to the full CBC Radio One interview here.

Professor Jooyoung Lee was recently featured on CNN about gun control

Jooyoung LeeProfessor Jooyoung Lee was recently featured on CNN in a report titled: “Gun Violence Epidemic: Why Canada’s Gun Violence is Fraction of US”. Over the 4th of July weekend, there were hundreds of shootings in the US, including three mass shootings. These events have led to rising concerns over the US’ lenient gun laws and questions about why shootings are rarer in Canada. In this CNN report, experts explain that people who want to own a firearm in Canada must first undergo a lengthy process of background checks, waiting period, and strict training. Canada’s stringent requirements and continued monitoring of gun owners work to prevent the misuse of firearms. Professor Lee says that “the Canadian system recognizes that people’s lives change over time and that just because you’re fit to own a gun at one point in time does not mean that in the future you will continue to be fit.”

Professor Jooyoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto and a faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States. His research deals with gun violence and its impact on young Black men in different contexts. In his latest work, he examines how murder transforms families and communities, how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction and youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

You can watch the full video here.

Professor Jooyoung Lee a commentator for true-crime documentary

Jooyoung LeeProfessor Jooyoung Lee was recently featured as a commentator in the new true-crime documentary “Catching A Serial Killer: Bruce McArthur”. Bruce McArthur is known as one of Toronto’s most infamous serial killers who preyed on gay men. Professor Lee explains that McArthur didn’t fit into the stereotypical image of a serial killer. Using his lifestyle as a facade, he presented himself as an unsuspicious, “average Canadian guy”. This helped him get away with his crimes for a decade. He also observes that there is often less attention paid to crimes against victims from marginalized communities. Professor Lee hopes that the main takeaway from McArthur’s case is that “not everybody is protected equally by the law”.

Professor Jooyoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto and a faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States. His research deals with gun violence and its impact on young Black men in different contexts. In his latest work, he examines how murder transforms families and communities, how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction, and youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

The true-crime documentary “Catching A Serial Killer: Bruce McArthur” debuted on the Oxygen Network and Superchannel on April 30th. You can watch it here. We’ve also included an excerpt of the article below. You can read the full article here.

Understanding that not all criminals have the same red flags is something Lee teaches in his classes. He says, “The average serial killer in the movies is portrayed as this monster, somebody who gives the impression that they are evil and sinister. You can tell from the moment you see them on the screen that they’re the villain. But that’s a caricature that Hollywood relies on. In reality, a lot of serial killers are just like McArthur. They’re the person that nobody suspects, who blends in, who has an idyllic prototypical life, who has a family, who participates in community groups or their local church. McArthur was a person who wore a mask and had figured out that presenting himself as the average Canadian guy was a way for him to get away with what he was doing.”

Jooyoung Lee on What the US can learn about Gun Control from Canada

Jooyoung LeeProfessor Jooyoung Lee recently published an op-ed with CNN on what the US can learn about gun control from Canada. In this article, Professor Lee argues that in the US, high-risk people are able to buy guns from a licensed dealer too easily. Background checks are not exhaustive enough and the gun control laws are too lenient. A statistic he provides to support his argument is taken from a recent FBI study which finds that: “75% of mass shooters between 2000 and 2013 either bought their guns legally or already possessed them”

Professor Lee shows that in Canada, the process of legally buying a gun is more complex and difficult. It requires various background checks, a lengthier waiting period, a safety training course, personal references, and frequent renewals. As a result of its stricter process, Canada’s firearm-homicide rate is drastically lower than that of the US. Professor Lee ends the article by encouraging the US to consider taking more safeguards in order to prevent high-risk people from possessing guns.

Professor Jooyoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto and a faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States. His research deals with gun violence and its impact on young Black men in different contexts. In his latest work, he examines how murder transforms families and communities, how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction, and youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

We’ve included an excerpt of the op-ed below. You can read the full article here.

“Buying a gun from a licensed dealer in America is too easy. Prospective gun owners fill out the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives’ Form 4473, which asks whether they have been convicted of a felony, involuntarily hospitalized by court order, or dishonorably discharged from the military, among other questions about their personal history. Dealers then share this information with the National Instant Criminal Background Check system, and a decision is typically relayed within minutes. These checks are not exhaustive enough and the suspects in the recent shootings in Indiana, Boulder and Atlanta sailed through this system, even though they had documented personal struggles, mental health histories or family members and friends who flagged them as unwell.
As an American living and working in Canada, I’ve had a chance to see a better system at work. Gun control laws aren’t perfect in Canada, and there are ongoing problems with gun violence north of the border, but the system up here is better at keeping guns out of the hands of people looking to use them for violence. This is evident in Canada’s firearm-homicide rates, which are a fraction of what they are in the US. In 2019, Canada’s firearm-homicide rate was less than a sixth of what it was in the US.”

Professor Jooyoung Lee on The New Normal podcast speaking about Anti-Asian Racism

Jooyoung LeeProfessor Jooyoung Lee recently appeared on the University of Toronto podcast, The New Normal, to discuss anti-Asian racism. The episode is the first of a two-part series called: Scapegoat. In addition to Professor Lee, the host Maydianne Andrade, also spoke to Diana Fu of Political Science.

The New Normal: ep 19 pt 1: Scapegoat

Anti-Asian racism and violence in North America have been called a “shadow pandemic” – one that has intensified over the past year and builds on a long history of discrimination.

How, then, can we stop it?

“One of the things that I’ve been trying to promote in the aftermath of the shootings in Georgia is the power that allies and bystanders have,” says Jooyoung Lee, an associate professor of sociology at the University of Toronto. “If you’re a witness to harassment in public, just speaking up, just doing something … can have significant effects.”

Lee is one of two guests in “Scapegoat,” a special two-part episode of The New Normal podcast hosted by Maydianne Andrade. The second guest is Diana Fu, an associate professor of political science at U of T Scarborough and an expert on U.S.-China relations.

Listen to the podcast.

 

Professor Jooyoung Lee shares his insights with the Washington Post, CTV Online, CP24, and CBC: Here & Now regarding the recent shooting in Atlanta

Jooyoung Lee

Much of Professor Jooyoung Lee’s research focuses on gun violence and how it impacts communities and marginalized groups.  With the horrific shooting events in Atlanta, Jooyoung shares his insights with several media outlets.

The Washington Post article “Shootings in Atlanta put focus on year of heightened anti-Asian violence in the West” discusses the alarming rise in anti-Asian hate crime all over the globe.  Professor Lee states that the mass shooting in Atlanta is not an isolated incident, rather an example of the increase of anti-Asian racism since the beginning of the pandemic in various Western countries. You can read the whole story at The Washington Post website here.

CTV News article “’It’s incredibly disheartening’: Asian-Canadians reeling from trauma after slayings in Georgia” looked at how the mass shooting has affected Asian-Canadians. Professor Lee explains that people can experience vicarious trauma from the news of tragic stories; especially stories relating to race and gender.  Exposure to social media has increased significantly becoming a part of our daily lives.  This means vicarious trauma from horrific news events has become an overwhelming issue.  You can read the article on the CTV News website here.

Professor Lee joined CBC Radio One to discuss the mass shooting.  Professor Lee shares his experience growing up close to where the shooting occurred and acknowledges that Asian-Americans have experienced overt racism and violence prior to the pandemic and it has only grown since then.  Anti-Asian racism, Professor Lee suggests, has been invisible to the public eye until recently. Though the discussion has been broadly about anti-Asian racism, Professor Lee states that this story needs to be looked at through an intersectional lens.  Typically, these acts of violence happen to Asian women at a much greater frequency.  Professor Lee suggests that there are many layers to this story that should be examined and learned from in multiple ways.  As for Canada, Professor Lee would like to see Canadians stop perpetuating the myth that racism is not a problem here and to confront the reality that it needs to be addressed.  You can listen to the full CBC interview here.

CP24 interviewed Professor Lee regarding the motivations of the Atlanta shooting.  Professor Lee explains that racism and misogyny are often interwoven.  Professor Lee uses Elliot Rodger, the mass shooter in the Isla Vista killings in 2014, as an example.  Rodger, seen as a leader in the incel movement openly advocated for white supremacy in his manifesto.  Professor Lee argues that cases like these should not be seen as a motivation of one or the other because they are often both.  You can watch the full interview here.

JooYoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto St. George campus, faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, and Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project. His research interests are focused around how gun violence transforms the social worlds and health of young Black men in different contexts. His current work examines how murder transforms families and communities; how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction; and a collaborative SSHRC-funded study with Julian Tanner and Scot Wortley on youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

Professor JooYoung Lee recently spoke with Ginella Massa on Canada Tonight – CBC News

Jooyoung LeeProfessor Jooyoung Lee spoke with Ginella Massa on Canada Tonight – CBC News about Canada’s recent ban on targeted firearms. The Canadian government recently announced its plans to implement its voluntary gun buy back program.  Professor Lee expressed concerns over the effectiveness of this program.  He explains that voluntary gun buy back programs are often unsuccessful due to targeting the wrong gun owner.  Typically, these programs only receive guns from law abiding citizens looking for a small amount of money in return.  Illegal gun traffickers and illegal gun users are not the ones using this program.  Professor Lee added that the type of gun targeted in this program is the semi automatic rifle due to its common use in mass shootings in the US.  However, this does not address the problem in Canada since the majority of gun violent crimes are committed with the use of handguns.

Professor Lee suggested that to address gun violence the government needs to address the root causes of violence.  Social research shows that combating urban poverty and racial marginalization would reduce gun violence significantly.  The government should be investing in communities that are hit hardest by gun violence and create safety nets for urban youth in these areas.  Investing in educational opportunities, mentoring opportunities, and supporting community organizations that are already active would better address the issue.

Furthermore, a Canadian handgun ban needs to be at the national level.  Gun traffickers travel and will take advantage of areas within the country less suited to deal with gun trafficking.  Leaving the decision for gun bans up to municipal governments will only create loop holes that gun traffickers will exploit.  Professor Lee believes that parts of the bill that address all Canada-US border trafficking look promising and puts the country on the right track to reduce gun violence.

JooYoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto St. George campus, faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, and Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project. His research interests are focused around how gun violence transforms the social worlds and health of young Black men in different contexts. His current work examines how murder transforms families and communities; how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction; and a collaborative SSHRC-funded study with Julian Tanner and Scot Wortley on youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

You can watch the full CBC News interview here.

U of T Sociologists at the 2020 ASA

This year, 52 faculty members and graduate students from Sociology at the University of Toronto are participating in the Annual Meeting of the American Sociology Association (ASA). In addition to the people presenting papers, some members are also participating as session organizers, discussants, or journal editorial panelists. This year, the meeting will take place online. The meetings will happen between August 8th and August 11th. Here is a list of the names of academic papers, and/or sections that will be presented below by the day of presentations. Student and recent graduate presenters are shown in italics. Please refer to the ASA Program for complete information.

Saturday, August 8th

Jennifer Peruniak, How Transracial Adoptees See and Negotiate Race

Cynthia J. Cranford and Patricia Roach (with Jennifer Nazareno of Brown University), Organizing Unlikely Subjects: The Constraints and Possibilities for Domestic Worker Organizing in California

David Nicholas Pettinicchio and Jordan Foster, ‘This is Real Beauty’: Defining the Boundaries of Aesthetic Citizenship

Mircea Gherghina, Start-Ups, Social Embeddedness, and Investment Networks

Catherine Tze Hsuan Yeh and Alicia Eads, The Language of Inequality: Inequality in Sociology and Economics, 1886-2015

Andrew Miles and Catherine Tze Hsuan Yeh, Social Locations, Contexts, and Value Development: Testing Whether Demographic Predictors of Personal Values Vary Cross-Nationally

Blair Wheaton, The Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Role Attitudes and Implications for Mental Health in Mid-Adulthood

Cynthia J. Cranford, Organizing Domestic and Care Workers: A Conversation Across University and Community

Scott Schieman (with Alex E. Bierman of University of Calgary and Marisa Christine Young of McMaster University), The Roots of Loneliness in Disadvantage and Exploitation: Implications for Health of the Working Population

Jonathan Horowitz (with Barbara Entwisle, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill), One Event, Two Processes, and Migration in Young Adulthood

Hae Yeon Choo, A Global Urban Sociology of Evictions and Displacement

Sara Mizen (with Andy Walter Holmes of U of T, Anthropology), Ideas for Future Research Roundtable, Table 8: LGBT Families and Life Course

Yangsook Kim, Government Workers and Paid-Daughters: Immigrant Homecare Workers’ Worker Subjectivities in Publicly Funded Care Work

Mitra Mokhtari, An “Extra Target on Your Back”: Somali-Canadian Youth & Barriers in Edmonton’s Public School Board

Sunday, August 9th

William Michelson, Daniel Silver, Fernando A. Calderón Figueroa, and Olimpia Bidian, The Dilemmas of Spatializing Social Issues

Daniel Silver and Fernando A. Calderón Figueroa, Cities and Big Data

Chris M. Smith, Urban Issues: Inequality, Institutions, and Place

Markus Schafer (with Laura Upenieks, University of Texas at San Antonio), Religious Attendance and Physical Health in Later Life: A Life Course Approach

Michelle Pannor Silver, Sociology of Aging

Catherine Tze Hsuan Yeh, Section on Political Sociology Refereed Roundtables

Ioana Sendroiu, ‘Probably Tomorrow I’ll Become a War Criminal’: Autocratic Legalism as Transnational Regime Change

Ronit Dinovitzer, Section of Sociology of Law Business Meeting

Patricia Louie, Mapping Multiracial vs. Monoracial Heath Disparities

Elliot Fonarev, Using Legal Cases as Ethnographic Objects to Assess Gender Identity Making in Human Rights Law

Kim Pernell (with Jiwook Jung of University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Rethinking Moral Hazard: Competing Drivers of Bank Risk-Taking, 1993-2015

Steve G. Hoffman, Other Realities: Using Simulation in Disaster and Emergency Management to Create and Recreate Worlds

Jooyoung Kim Lee, Microsociologies: Methods & Perspectives on Interaction

Irene Boeckmann, Making Motherhood Work: How Women Manage Careers and Caregiving (Princeton University Press, 2019) by Caitlyn Colins

Ronit Dinovitzer and Andreea Mogosanu, Understanding the Motherhood Penalty Among Private Sector Lawyers: The Effects of Entrenched Masculinity

Ron Levi and Ioana Sendroiu, Partnership Patterns, Performances, and the Spread of Human Rights

Monday, August 10th

Chris M. Smith, Racializing Police Violence

Angelina Grigoryeva (with Nina Bandelj of University of California-Irvine), The Price of Parenting: Wealth, Race and Financial Activities for Children, 1998-2016

Jonathan Horowitz (with Jill Hamm and Kerrylin Lambert of UNC-Chapel Hill), The Price of Parenting: Wealth, Race and Financial Activities for Children, 1998-2016

Fedor A. Dokshin and Mircea Gherghina, Green in the Wallet: Political Identity, Financial Incentives, and the Diffusion of Residential Solar Photovoltaics

Joshua Harold, The Holocaust, Israel, and the Everyday Politics of Collective Memory Mobilization

David Nicholas Pettinicchio, Past, Present, and Future: 30 Years After the Americans with Disabilities Act

Kim de Laat, Valuations of Diversity: Exploring the Socio-Economic Role of Marquee Quotas in Creative Industries

Tuesday, August 11th

Kristin Plys, For a Rodneyan World Systems Analysis: Returning to the Dar es Salaam School

Kim de Laat, Barriers to Flexible Work Arrangements: New Evidence on the Role of Work Culture and Structure

Ali Greey, Preclusive Portals: The Spatial Stakes of “Determining Gender” in Binary-Gendered Restrooms and Locker Rooms

David Nicholas Pettinicchio (with Michelle Lee Maroto of University of Alberta), “Working in the Shadows of Society”: Disability Subminimum Wages and the Reproduction of Inequality

Ann L. Mullen, Beyond Classification, Decoding, and Meaning-Making: Contemporary Artists’ Perspectives on the Reception of Visual Art

Natalie Julia Adamyk, Governing Through Less Governance: Women’s Shelters and the Creation of the “Shelter-Citizen”

Carmen Lamothe, Reframing Public Health Problems: A Qualitative Examination of Public Health Apps in the United States

Michael Hammond, Section on Evolution, Biology, and Society Business Meeting

Kristin Plys, Political Economy of the World System Roundtables, Table 2: Core/Periphery Relations

Marion Blute, On Human Nature: New Approaches in the 21st Century

Sharla N. Alegria, Jobs, Occupations, and Professions

Franklynn Bartol, Sex/Gender in the Brain: Is Neuroplasticity the New Neurodeterminism?

Youngrong Lee, “It is Not Meant to Be Work”: How Do Workers Become Consumers in the Gig Economy?

Jordan Foster, “My Money and My Heart”: Buying a Birkin and Class Boundaries Online

Scott Schieman and Philip James Badawy, Control and the Health Effects of Work-Family Conflict: A Longitudinal Test of Generalized versus Specific Stress-Buffering

Michelle Pannor Silver, Section on Sociology of Consumers and Consumption Roundtables, Table 2: Body and Health

Merin Oleschuk, Expanding the Joys of Cooking: How Class Shapes the Emotional Work of Preparing Family Meals

David Nicholas Pettinicchio, Living on the Poverty Line: Low Wage Work, Precarity, and the New Economy

Noam Keren, A Radical State of Mind: When Radical Social-Movements and States Collide, The Case of 269Life

Angelina Grigoryeva, Theory Section Refereed Roundtables, Table 1: Theorizing Polity and Society-1, Table 2: Theorizing Polity and Society-2, Table 3: Theorizing Violence and Conflict, Table 4: Toward a Theory of Economic Action, Table 5: Theorizing Social Interaction and Self-Presentation, Table 6: Revisting Sociology of Classical Theory, Table 7: Theoretical Foundations of Social Justice and Inequality, Table 8: Novel Theoretical Approaches to Social Life

Christos Orfanidis, Theory Section Refereed Roundtables, Table 5: Theorizing Social Interaction and Self-Presentation

Tahseen Shams, International Migration Roundtables, Table 1: Critical Refugee Studies I, Table 2: Critical Refugee Studies II, Table 3: Citizenship, Multiculturalism, and Nationalism, Table 4: Educational Trajectories and Evolving Demographics, Table 5: Health, Wellness, and Migration, Table 6: Immigration Lawmaking and Political Activism, Table 7: Undocumented Immigration, Table 8: Refugee Resettlement and Community Formation, Table 9: Gendered Approaches to Migration I, Table 10: Gendered Approaches to Migration II, Table 11: Immigrant Workers and the Labor Market I, Table 12: Immigrant Workers and the Labor Market II, Table 13: Comparative Migration Studies, Table 14: Global Migration I, Table 15: Global Migration II

Immigrant communities: conforming into the majority culture and breaking down anti-Black racism

Professor Jooyoung Lee recently spoke to CBC News about anti-Black racism in immigrant communities.  He spoke of his own experience as a Korean American in Southern California who studied hip hop culture. Professor Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto with teaching responsibilities on the St. George campus. He is also a faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, situated within the Munk School of Global Affairs. He is a Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project. His research focuses on race, ethnicity, hip-hip culture, gun violence, and youth justice.

We have posted an excerpt of the article below. The full story is available on the CBC News website here.

For these Asian Montrealers, breaking down anti-Blackness starts at the dinner table

June 15, 2020

By Jennifer Yoon

…As a Korean American growing up in southern California and immersed in hip-hop culture, Jooyoung Lee witnessed anti-Blackness first hand.

Now an associate professor of sociology at University of Toronto who studies how gun violence affects the health of young Black men, Lee says he is not aware of evidence that Asian Canadians are any more anti-Black than Canadians from other ethnic backgrounds. But he has a deep understanding of the historical and socio-cultural roots of anti-Black sentiment in Asian immigrant communities.

Growing up, Lee witnessed the way older generations talked about racial stratification, tinged with colourism — that is, preferential attitudes toward people with lighter skin — even within different Asian communities.

Many Asian immigrants to North America, Lee said, tend to be well-educated and were able to establish small businesses soon after their arrival. There is a lot of pressure on the next generation to succeed.

There’s a belief that to achieve that success, you need to do more than just work hard, Lee says: you also need to assimilate, to position yourself close to the culture of the majority.

That means “following the rules,” Lee said, “adopting a white name, trying to align yourself as close as possible to the dominant group, so that your kids can have an easy life — a good life.”

Many Asian immigrants buy into the idea that you should “pull yourself up by the bootstraps,” said Lee. As long as you work hard, you should be able to recover from setbacks without any outside help….

Read the full article…

Professor Jooyoung Lee on developing ethnographies of gun violence

Professor Jooyoung Lee recently published an article on Items, where he discusses the concept of “social loss” and taking an ethnographic approach to studies of gun violence. Professor Lee discusses how victim-centered research has helped him understand the social losses felt by victims, their families, and entire communities after a shooting. Through this approach, and personal encounters with victims themselves, he gained insight into the “invisible scars” that victims carry long after they have been released from clinical care, which includes aspects of fear, anxiety, and addiction to various painkillers.  Items is a digital forum associated with the Social Sciences Research Council (US) that seeks to highlight the impact of social science research and “shape current conversations through curated essays that reflect on the state of the social sciences today.”

Professor Lee is  an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto, a faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, and a Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project. His research interests are focused around how gun violence transforms the social worlds and health of young Black men in different contexts. His recent work examines how murder transforms families and communities; how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction; and a collaborative SSHRC-funded study with Professor Julian Tanner and Professor Scot Wortley on youth experiences with guns in Toronto. He is currently writing a book called Ricochet: Gun Violence and Trauma in Killadelphia about the social impacts of gun violence.

Read the full article here. We have included an excerpt below.

I once attended a talk where an audience member asked panelists, “How much does gun violence cost us?” Panelists offered different responses, each highlighting the broad economic burden of shootings. One person talked about the public tax dollars that fund emergency and inpatient care for uninsured gunshot victims. Another panelist noted that shootings often knock a person out of the labor market indefinitely, thus diminishing tax revenues that would have come from their labor. A third person mentioned that the estimated annual costs of firearm injuries exceed the annual budget for the Department of Education and the Department of Homeland Security combined.

I learned a lot from this panel, but left wondering: What might gun violence research look like if we centered our analysis on victims? What would this growing field look like if we broadened our notion of loss? What if we also focused on the social losses felt by victims, their families, and entire communities after a shooting?

Ethnographers are uniquely positioned to answer these questions. Immersive, long-term fieldwork enables researchers to be “there” with victims as they navigate life after fatal and nonfatal shootings. This is a difficult, but precious vantage point. By spending time with victims, ethnographers gain access to domains of suffering that are often neglected in social science work on gun violence. It’s one thing to read statistics about injury, death, and their associated costs, and an entirely different thing to witness suffering up close. Prior theoretical concerns become less urgent when you are spending time with a mother who is mourning the murder of her child, or when you are with a victim who cannot afford to buy new colostomy bags…

Read the full article

Professor Jooyoung Lee Discusses Canadian Gun Control on “The Annex”

Professor Jooyoung Lee was interviewed on The Annex, an American academic sociology podcast, to discuss gun control. Speaking to a largely US-based sociology audience, Professor Lee discussed the gun violence policy debate in Canada. In comparison to the United States, Canada remains a relatively safe place. Nonetheless, as rates of violence have gone up in Toronto over the past year, anxiety has arisen about the origins of guns in Canada and a push for a handgun ban. Professor Lee reflects in this podcast on his role as a media expert speaking to the Canadian press about evidence-based solutions that can help reduce gun violence.  Professor Lee states that he aims to show the efficacy of policies that eliminate poverty and racism in the labour market, which prevents young people from going down the path of obtaining firearms, joining a gang or other high risk behaviours.

Listen to the full podcast here. Professor Lee begins talking about gun violence at about minute 32.

Professor Lee is  an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto, a faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, and a Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project. His research interests are focused on the ways gun violence transforms the social worlds and health of young Black men in different contexts. His recent work examines how murder transforms families and communities; how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction; and a collaborative SSHRC-funded study with Professor Julian Tanner and Professor Scot Wortley on youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

Professor Jooyoung Lee writes in Vice on healthcare workers and gun violence

Professor Jooyoung Lee recently published an article in VICE entitled “Doctors and Emergency Workers Tell Us About the Toll of Treating Gunshot Victims.” After a tweet from the NRA criticized doctors for speaking out in favour of gun control, doctors and Emergency workers responded by tweeting about the gunshot victims they see in their working lives. Having conducted research into the aftermath of gun violence, Professor Lee was aware of the effect of gunshot injuries on medical practice as well as on the victims of violence and their families. For this article, Professor Lee drew on his contacts at the University of Pennsylvania to shed light on the role that trauma doctors, EMT’s, police and nurses play in the ongoing fight against gun violence.

Professor Lee is  an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto, a faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, and a Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project. His research interests are focused around how gun violence transforms the social worlds and health of young Black men in different contexts. His recent work examines how murder transforms families and communities; how we can use videos to enhance research on interaction; and a collaborative SSHRC-funded study with Professor Julian Tanner and Professor Scot Wortley on youth experiences with guns in Toronto. He is currently writing a book called Ricochet: Gun Violence and Trauma in Killadelphia about the social impacts of gun violence.

An excerpt of the article is posted below (the full article can be found here).

Doctors and Emergency Workers Tell Us About the Toll of Treating Gunshot Victims

After the NRA told doctors to stay in their lane on gun control, many spoke out about the visceral results of gun violence.

About a month ago the NRA tweeted: “Someone should tell self-important anti-gun doctors to stay in their lane. Half of the articles in the Annals of Internal Medicine are pushing for gun control. Most upsetting, however, the medical community seems to have consulted NO ONE but themselves.” This tweet went live eight hours before a gunman killed 12 people and injured several others inside the Borderline Bar & Grill in Thousand Oaks, CA.

This tweet has backfired in spectacular fashion. In the immediate aftermath, doctors from all over began tweeting stories about their work on the frontlines of America’s gun violence epidemic. Many have tweeted stories of resuscitation attempts that end in death. Others have posted photos of scrubs and operating rooms drenched in blood. And some have shared what it’s like to tell parents that their child isn’t going to make it. These tweets (and many others under the #ThisisMyLane) are a grueling snapshot of the work that goes into saving lives.

As someone who has studied gun violence for the past decade and spent time in the hospital with gunshot survivors and their families, I was inspired to see this response. The NRA’s tweet has helped shed light on the role that trauma doctors play in our ongoing fight against gun violence.

But, trauma doctors aren’t alone in this lane. EMTs, police, and nurses are also integral parts of rapid response trauma care. Their cooperation makes life-saving possible.

To learn more about trauma care, I reached out to colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania, where I was previously a postdoctoral fellow studying gun violence. The University of Pennsylvania is home to one of the nation’s busiest trauma bays for gunshot victims. Its three hospitals—The Hospital at the University of Pennsylvania, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and Penn Presbyterian Medical Center—are leading research and training hospitals. The following stories reveal the everyday triumphs and challenges of trauma care providers.

Read the full story.

Professor Jooyoung Lee interviewed on The Social, “Does Canada need better gun control?”

PJooyoung Leerofessor Jooyoung Lee has recently been featured on a segment for The Social talking about the long-term health care needs of gunshot victims in the US and Canada; and the efficacy of common sense gun laws. The Social is a television program produced by Bell Media Studios that describes itself as bringing “a fresh, daily perspective on up-to-the-minute news, pop culture, and lifestyle topics that matter most.” Professor Lee’s research is broadly interested in how gun violence transforms the social worlds of families and communities. According to Lee, the rates of violence in Canada are lower than the U.S., but they could be better.  In terms of victimization, racialized young men are the most likely to become victims in both the U.S. and Canada.

Jooyoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology and faculty member in the Centre for the Study of the United States, which is housed within the Munk School of Global Affairs. He is also a Senior Fellow in the Yale University Urban Ethnography Project and was formerly a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health & Society Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania.

The full segment can be viewed here.

Congratulations to Professor Jooyoung Lee, recipient of Charles Cooley Book Award

Jooyoung LeeCongratulations to Professor Jooyoung Lee who recently received the Charles Cooley Book Award from the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction for his book, Blowin’ Up: Rap Dreams in South Central. Professor Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology with teaching responsibilities on the St. George campus. His research interests range from gun violence, health disparities, gangs, emotions, creativity, and Hip Hop culture.

Blowin’ Up provides an account of aspiring rappers who attended Project Blowed workshops in LA. The book explores the training behind rappers’ work to construct their style, as well as the meaning that rappers attach to their creative work.  The committee described Professor Lee’s book as “a superbly written and insightful five-year long ethnography of hip-hop artists in South Central Los Angeles.” They also noted that his book “offer(s) new avenues to interpret hip-hop as a meaningful and transformative art form.”

Professor Jooyoung Lee in the News: Gun Violence in Toronto

Professor Jooyoung Lee has been quoted by the Toronto Star, Global News, the National Post, and Vice.com in the wake of the recent mass shooting on the Danforth. Jooyoung Lee is an Associate Professor in the Sociology Department at the University of Toronto’s St. George campus. His research focuses on gun violence and its impact on communities. He is currently completing a book Ricochet: Gun Violence and Trauma in Killadelphia (under contract with University of Chicago Press) — an ethnographic study that traces the long-term health consequences of wounded gunshot victims across Philadelphia. He is also currently working on a collaborative SSHRC-funded study with Julian Tanner and Scot Wortley on youth experiences with guns in Toronto.

We have shared Jooyoung’s quotes below, as well as the direct links to the articles.

What drove the Toronto shooter to unleash violence on the Danforth?

by Kenyon Wallace, July 23, The Toronto Star

Jooyoung Lee, an associate professor of sociology at the University of Toronto, says determining motivations for mass murders is a challenging task given that the reasons are varied and complex.

“There are layers of grievances or perceived grievances mixed with potential mental health history, mixed with access to firearms, mixed with both short-term and long-term traumatic experiences that kind of propel a person towards the rage that they feel before they commit a shooting like this,” Lee said.

He added that those who have left manifestos, such as Rodger, the Columbine High School shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, and the Virginia Tech shooter Seung-Hui Cho, provide some clues.

“Those manifestos at least allow us to peer inside the thought processes of these killers in the days, weeks and months leading up to the shooting, and you can see very much there is a sense that they’re going to use violence as a way of taking revenge against a society or an institution or people in general who they feel as if they’ve been wronged by,” said Lee.

Should Canada ban handguns? Debate stirs after mass shooting

by Andrew Russell, July 25, Global News

Jooyoung Lee, an associate professor at the University of Toronto who specializes in gun violence, said that any time there is a legal market for civilians to own concealable firearms, they could potentially end up being used in a crime.

“There is always a possibility that those kinds of firearms purchased legally can flow into the hands of people who want to use them to commit carnage,” he told the Canadian Press.

Toronto mass shooter Faisal Hussain suffered from psychosis. Could more have been done to stop him? 

by Sharon Kirkey, July 24, National Post

“By most accounts Eric was the kind of ringleader, and a budding psychopath,” said University of Toronto associate professor of sociology Jooyoung Lee, who taught a summer course on mass shootings.

“Dylan suffered from chronic depression and saw the mass shooting as a farewell to the world and as a way to kill himself.”

In most cases of mass shooters, there is a profound sense of resentment and hatred for the world, Lee and others said. Most use a gun for maximum kill.

Toronto Wants More Gun Control. Will It Work?

by Manisha Krishnan, July 25, VICE

Toronto approved implementing Shotspotter technology as part of its plan. The technology, used in cities like Chicago and Cincinnati, claims to be able to detect the precise location of gunfire in less than 60 seconds and alert police.

Jooyoung Lee, a sociology professor at the University of Toronto who studies gun violence, told VICE he lived in Philadelphia when a similar program was rolled out.

“There are very ambivalent results,” he said. “It’s certainly not preventing gun violence.”

Lee said he agrees with concerns of black activists and scholars in the city who believe ShotSpotter will simply amount to more surveillance of an already over-policed population.

Toronto is not immune to mass shootings

by Katie Daubs, July 25, The Toronto Star

Jooyoung Lee, an associate professor of sociology, recently finished teaching a summer course on mass shootings at the University of Toronto. He is from the U.S. but has lived in Canada for six years, and has noticed that when mass shootings happen in the U.S. there is often a “brief moment” where Canadians morally distance themselves: “This is a tragedy, this is a disaster. I’m so glad that Canada is not like that,” they’ll say.

“But I think unfortunately these string of attacks and tragedies … have really changed that narrative to some extent and made Canadians, and Canadian policy-makers, take a closer look at some of the domestic issues that are also giving rise to these kinds of events,” he said.

Lee said Canada has many of the same “underlying structural conditions” that are a big part of the reason that shootings happen in the U.S.: “impoverished neighbourhoods; communities of colour that are marginalized from the key mainstream institutions that give people a leg up in the world; disparate access to higher education and opportunity in the labour market.”

 

 

 

Congratulations to Professor Jooyoung Lee on the 2018 Charles Horton Cooley Book Award!

Professor Jooyoung Lee’s book, Blowin’ Up: Rap Dreams in South Central, recently received the 2018 Charles Horton Cooley Book Award from the Society for the Study of Symbolic Interaction (SSSI). According to SSSI’s website, this award is given annually to an author for a book that represents an important contribution to the perspective of symbolic interaction.

Jooyoung Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto.  Blowin’ Up: Rap Dreams in South Central, is a long-term ethnographic study of young Black men growing up in the shadows of gang violence and the glittering entertainment industries in Los Angeles. This book shows how hip hop culture shields young men from the dangers of gang violence. It also reveals the larger structural forces that inspire “existential urgency” during the transition to adulthood. His current research looks at gun violence in Philadelphia and Toronto.

More information on Professor Lee’s award winning book can be found here from the University of Chicago Press.

Professor Jooyoung Lee in Vice Canada: 3 Gun Violence Scholars on What is Missing from America’s Gun Control Debate

An article written by Professor Jooyoung Lee was published on Vice.com. Professor Lee and two other scholars, Joseph Richardson Jr. and Desmond Patton, discuss grief, intersectionality, and the role of social media in the wake of Parkland, among other potentially overlooked issues in the current debate.

Professor Lee is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto and his research focuses on the impact of gun violence on victims and their communities.

We have posted a short excerpt below. The full article is available here at Vice.com.

Three Gun Violence Scholars on What is Missing from America’s Gun Control Debate

May 24, 2018

But there is room for hope after Parkland. Since that tragedy, we’ve witnessed the birth of the #NeverAgain movement and the #MarchForOurLives, both of which have led to small policy changes. The Republican-led Congress recently voted to reinstate funding to the CDC for gun violence research; state governments like Florida have already passed laws banning bumpstocks while raising the age (from 18 to 21) for buying a firearm; companies like MEC have severed ties with brands that do business with the NRA; and multimedia giant YouTube recently announced that they would prohibit people from posting DIY gun-making videos. Even if these motions don’t lead to drastic reductions in gun violence, they represent small symbolic steps toward sensible gun control laws. They show that people on both sides of the aisle don’t want to sit idly and wait for another mass shooting to happen.

But, in spite of these developments, the conversation about gun violence remains narrowly focused on mass shootings, which account for about three percent of the annual homicides committed with firearms in the US. Lost in all of the news coverage is a sustained discussion about gun violence in black communities, who are disproportionately at risk of getting injured or killed in shootings. African Americans account for roughly 50 percent of the gunshot victims in the US, even though they only account for 12 percent of the US population.

Read the full article here.

 

 

U of T Sociologists discuss the Toronto Yonge and Finch van attack

Professors Judith Taylor and Jooyoung Lee spoke on TVO’s The Agenda with Steve Paiken to discuss the possible motivations behind the Toronto van attack and the role of toxic masculinity in violent acts.

In the half-hour segment, Professors Taylor and Lee join also with Osgoode Hall’s Jamil Jivani in their discussion with Steve Paiken.

The video of the segment titled, “When Mayhem Comes to Town” is available online here at the TVO website.

Professor Taylor has also spoken with CBC and with CTV and Professor Lee was interviewed and cited by Global News regarding the van attack in Toronto earlier this week.

Continuing coverage: Professor Judith Taylor in Macleans Magazine and Sociology Professor and Vice Provost, Students Sandy Welsh in U of T News re the Vigil on Sunday at Mel Lastman square.

Professor Jooyoung Lee pens Toronto Star Op Ed on damage to community trust in policing

Jooyoung LeeProfessor Jooyoung Lee recently authored an Op Ed  in the Toronto Star discussing the diminishing reputation of the Toronto police force as more news emerges about the Bruce McArthur investigation. Professor Lee teaches sociology at the St. George campus. His research interests include gun violence and he has taught classes on the sociology of serial murders.

We have posted an excerpt of the op ed below. The full article is available at thestar.com.

Toronto police risk permanent damage to community trust

The Toronto Police Service will need to come clean, admit to its shortcomings, and reach out to the communities that it has alienated across the city.

By Jooyoung Lee
Mon., March 12, 2018

…..I have spent the last decade observing firsthand what happens in cities where police have lost the trust of communities. My research in gangland “South Central” Los Angeles and in Philadelphia’s underground drug markets reveals how communities become alienated from the police — these are places where any perceived affiliation with the cops is frowned upon and sometimes punishable by violence.

Although Toronto is certainly not suffering from the same levels of violence I observed in these communities, there is cause for concern moving forward. If the police don’t clear the air and make amends to communities that feel betrayed by them, people will become less likely to report crimes and co-operate with them during investigations. There are already communities in Toronto where this “code of silence” exists. We don’t want this to spread.

The pioneering Canadian sociologist, Erving Goffman, spent much of his career writing about spoiled reputations. He showed that people work hard at managing public impressions because negative reputations are so durable. Once seen in a negative light, it becomes difficult for a person to reestablish themselves as trustworthy and morally upstanding. To make amends, Goffman argued, people have to show they can be trusted again in the future.

Even though Goffman was writing about individuals, he can help us understand the challenges ahead for Toronto police. TPS will need to come clean, admit to its shortcomings, and reach out to the communities that it has alienated across the city. These include the LGBTQ community, racialized communities, and citizens who are concerned about how they’ve handled the McArthur investigation….

Read the full article.

Professor Jooyoung Lee Interviewed on CBC’s The National

Professor Jooyoung Lee appeared in an interview on CBC News’ The National, discussing the differential treatment of marginalized groups by the media and police, in light of the recent arrest and charging of a man in relation to the deaths of two LGBTQ men from the Church Wellesley community. According to reporters, members of the community have expressed criticism for the initial lack of attention that disappearances in the community had received.

Professor Lee is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Toronto St. George Campus. His research involves studying the effect gun violence on youth and communities.

Watch the interview here. The story begins at 18:55.